Gorky Metro was established by the order of the Ministry of Railways on 30 July 1984.

In september 1984 was established Gorky Metro Headquarters.

The team started to form also in September 1984 under the leadership of B. Zavgorodniy. The first engine drivers was trained at Gorky Road Technical School. Training of operators, station duty officers and electricians was held at Leningrad, Moscow and Kharkov subways.

Organizations that helped prepare the metro for the opening:
«Gorky Trust Construction and Engineering Research» – execution of drilling, testing and hydrogeological work;
«Gorkovgrazhdanproject» - coordination of all design work for the architectural design of metro stations;
«Promstroyproekt», "Gorky Design Workshop» - architectural solutions for the design of stations;
«Red Sormovo» plant - the creation of automatic climbing formwork for the construction of the arch of reinforced concrete.